Basalt is a common “igneous volcanic rock” formed from the rapid cooling of Basaltic Lava that is low in silica content and comparatively rich in iron and magnesium. Basalt is usually Grey/Black in colour.
Cast Basalt is formed by “Melting and Recrystallizing” naturally occurring basalt rock. The controlled cooling of the molten Basalt Rock forms finely crystallized black glass ceramic of extreme hardness 8 on the moh scale.
Basalt is ideally suited to protect equipment where abrasive materials are conveyed, and cause sliding abrasion, such as pipes and bends for pneumatic or hydraulic systems, cyclones and seperators, in flumes and chain conveyors, in hoppers and silos, mixers, tanks, pulpers, etc.
Resistant to friction-induced abrasion. Heat resistant up to approx. 450°C. Resistant to chemicals and acids. Perfectly resistant to oxidation. Extremely smooth on the surface, and therefore has good sliding properties.
|Properties of Basalt 450TM:Density||2.8 – 3.1 gm/cc|
|Surface hardness, Mohs scale 10)2||approx. 8 (Diamond is|
|Compressive resistance||2,500-4,500 kg/cm 2|
|Bending strength||250-450 kg/cm|
|Application temperature range||approx. 620 K|
|up to||(approx. 350°C)|
acids and lyes
|Resistant to many|
|Water absorption||0.5% (maximum)|
Desirable Cast Basalt Properties for Achieving Optimum Wear Life:
|Cast Basalt||High||Low coefficient||10-15 times*||Low**||350°C||–|
**ANGLE OF INCIDENCE – maximum recommendable – depending on particle size of product being worn.
ANALYSIS (%) (Min)
|8 MOH||10||50||12||10||10||3||3||2||2.8to3.1 3gm/cm12|
Comparison of Basic Operating Properties of Basalt with Some Other Materials (Mean Values):
|Property||Basalt Tiles||Ceramic Tilling Elements||Concrete Tiles|
|5||6 -10||19 -24|
|250 450||110-190||20 -40|
|Frost resistance||Frost Proof||Frost Proof||Frost Proof|